Please see the following KB article for the resolution of this problem:
We have become aware of a problem that impacts Exchange management tools on servers running Exchange 2010 on Windows Server 2008 SP2.
Note: Windows 2008 R2 SP1 systems do not seem to be impacted. Windows 2008 R2 RTM is impacted.
The symptoms of the problem are:
- Exchange Management Shell does not start
- Exchange Management Console does not start
- There might be a crash in Exchange Mailbox Replication Service (it is not clear yet if this is related)
- Event Viewer might have trouble opening
The following events could be logged in the Application event log:
- Event ID: 1023
Source: .NET Runtime
Event ID: 1023
Description: .NET Runtime version 2.0.50727.5653 - Fatal Execution Engine Error (000007FEF9216D36) (80131506)
- Event ID: 1000
Source: Application Error
Description: Faulting application PowerShell.exe, version 6.0.6002.18111, time stamp 0x4acfacc6, faulting module mscorwks.dll, version 2.0.50727.5653, time stamp 0x4d54a59c, exception code 0xc0000005, fault offset 0x00000000001d9e19, process id 0x%9, application start time 0x%10.